Technically, any island can be used for dining as long as it has seats and an overhang that allows those seats to tuck in for comfort. A 6-inch minimum overhang is sufficient for dining, although 9 to 12 inches will be more generous, especially for legroom.
Using seats that look and feel more like chairs will give the island more of a “dining room” vibe, and seating with backs will be more comfortable for longer meals.
For example, a 60-inch (or 5-foot) island could fit three 18-inch-wide stools if they’re pushed together, but it would be better to use just two seats so that each person has 30 inches to himself or herself.
The island style shown here features a typical built-in island with storage in the base but with a deeply extended top to create a large surface with lots of room for seats.
Notice how the end of the island in the foreground has room for seats on three sides. (Only two sides are in use for this photo, but a chair could easily be pulled around to the other side, near the fridge.) This can allow a small group of people to sit facing each other and chat easily, rather than sitting all in a row, which is a nice option to have.
In a long, narrow kitchen space, sometimes the island can only extend in one direction, parallel to the cabinets. In this case, rather than widening the island to allow for stools around the edges, the island can be extended a long way in one direction (50 to 80 inches), creating a dining-table-length extension adjacent to the main work surface. In other words, the island top is very long, but the base with storage only extends halfway and the other half is left open for seats.
This solution gives lots of extra prep space for convenient day-to-day cooking, and when needed, the dining half can be cleared for a proper sit-down meal.
Consider using a different material for the tabletop so the contrast looks intentional. Warm wood will add a welcoming air and coordinate easily with a stone countertop.
Also, notice here how the chair fabric ties back to the cabinet color, which gives the eclectic mix of materials a bit of continuity.
Note: Adding an island extension at a lower level makes the surface a little less convenient as extra counter space but more comfortable as a dining table, a trade-off that ultimately comes down to personal preference.
The previous concept works well for a long, narrow kitchen, but what about a more square or open concept? An island with a “bubble” or “node” on it, such as this one, creates a dining space that allows guests to face each other, and also face the chef, so everyone feels included in the conversation.
This setup takes less floor area than having a separate circular table off to the side, so it’s a great compromise between counter space and open circulation space.
Use a 36- to 48-inch diameter for the semicircle to seat two to four people.
This kitchen places a picnic-style dining area right against the back of an island, creating a layout similar to the previous “bubble island.” This works if you have a lot more space next to the kitchen than in the kitchen itself and almost cheats the kitchen out into the rest of the room to make it look and feel a bit bigger.
Another advantage of this sort of layout is that it creates a little workspace that’s out of the main cook’s way. One person can work on a simpler dish at the table (such as mixing a salad) while another person works uninterrupted in the main prep space.
Don’t have room for a true island? Try adding a dining peninsula like the one shown here that touches the main counter instead of having open circulation on all sides. Again, it could be a built-in extension at counter height or dining height, or an actual separate table pushed into place.
Use stackable chairs that can tuck away in a closet when not in use, or use a low-backed option that’s easy to reach over and doesn’t get in the way during cooking.
If you have a smaller space, are on a lower budget or prefer a breezier look, you can skip the traditional island altogether and use a dining table in its place as a multifunctional piece.
Obviously, a slim table is not as usable for a prep counter as a wide, deep island, but it can be serviceable as an extra space to do a little chopping, mix up a drink or set out some baked goods to cool, which sometimes is all you really need.
The previous kitchen had a lower table and chairs with backs, which prioritize the dining. In this kitchen, the table is counter height, with stools that can tuck completely underneath to be fully out of the way. Both approaches are very effective, so it may just come down to whether or not you enjoy sitting with your feet off the floor.
A circular table may not seem to “fit” with the straight lines of a kitchen, but there are actually some great reasons to consider it. Besides introducing a new shape, which can add a lot of interest, you also get the flexibility of being able to move the seats around to wherever is out of the way.
In this modern blue kitchen, the round table works great with an odd number of chairs. There’s no denying that space is tight here, but at least the round table isn’t adding any sharp corners to bump into.
Bench seats are very trendy in dining areas these days, and they work well here too. A properly sized bench will be able to completely disappear under a dining island, even one with drawers, as shown here, so the seating isn’t in the way when not in use.
As I mentioned before, wood is often the best option for a dining-table island, as it can pleasingly contrast with other materials and works well in both modern or traditional styles. Choosing dining chairs that color-coordinate to the cabinetry helps tie the two areas together, as the dark charcoal black of these Eames chairs mimics the soft sheen of the cabinetry.